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igperish: Daniel RadcliffesReddit AMAElijah Wood "If I...

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igperish:

Daniel Radcliffe’s Reddit AMA + Elijah Wood 

"If I could break it, then I could have the giant duck as my steed!"

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Amy Poehler's 'Yes Please' Is the Best Non-Self-Help Self-Help Book Ever

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by Erica Lies

yespleaseBefore I can start my thoughts on Amy Poehler’s Yes Please (Dey Street Press, out today), I have to put aside Professional Writer Voice and make a confession: I love self help books. I’m not talking about the ones that promise if you just think positively piles of money will magically appear. I mean the ones that urge us to be better people, that gently tell us it’s slowly inch-by-inch going to be okay and that it helps our hearts to be kinder to others and to ourselves. I have an entire shelf of them. If there’s a Brene Brown book to be had, I own a dog-eared, heavily-underlined copy, and I’ve kept lists of self-help books quoted by other self-help books. All of them are by Pema Chodron.

I mention this because Poehler’s Yes Please reads like a self-help book, and I mean that very much as a compliment. Actually, Yes Please is better, because it’s funny and lacks self-helpy cheesiness. Throughout, Poehler reflects on her life, gives advice through the lessons she’s learned (particularly those learned through improv), and delivers enough comedic nonsense to keep it entertaining. I want to hug this book, and not just because Poehler also suggests reading Pema Chodron. This isn’t to suggest she gives advice the whole time, but that in describing her experiences, it’s easy to see how much further cultivating healthy habits and relationships can take us.

With section titles like “Say whatever you want,” and “Be whoever you are,” Yes Please is even structured like a self-help book, and throughout, Poehler offers stand alone pages of wisdom like, “Nobody looks stupid when they are having fun,” and “forget the facts and remember the feelings.” But it’s sharing her experience of the world that makes Yes Please relatable. In “Plain girl vs. the demon,” she describes her own difficulties with self criticism, i.e. the demon that resides in her brain, and offers a smart way of countering it. “When the demon starts to… say bad shit about me I turn around and say, ‘Hey, cool it. Amy is my friend. Don’t talk about her like that.’ Sticking up for ourselves in the same way we would one of our friends is a hard but satisfying thing to do.”

And Yes Please doesn’t stop at doling out easy reflection. Poehler is unafraid to share her less-than-stellar moments, as well. She takes a whole chapter to apologize to a young girl she (granted, unknowingly) made fun of in a sketch on SNL, and uses the learning opportunity to discuss the mistakes often made with apologies by digging in your heels more rather than taking responsibility. In describing her initial resistance to apologizing, she recalls, “Your brain is not your friend when you need to apologize. Your brain and your ego and your intellect all remind you of the ‘facts.’” And she includes an apology letter from the brain and one from the heart. Guess which one makes excuses and obsesses over who’s right and who’s wrong?

Of course, it isn’t all self-helpy earnestness. Poehler balances the expectations of each of her audiences fairly well. Those who know her as a spritely SNL chameleon, the leader of Parks & Rec, and the master encourager on Smart Girls at the Party will all find something for them waiting inside Yes Please. She takes a cue from Amy Sedaris and poses for several non-sequitur photos in amazing, ridiculous costumes. (My favorite is Poehler with a beard. Nothing makes me happier than Amy Poehler playing cross-gender.) She shares her ludicrous (fake) birthing plan and her suggested future books on divorce. Among the titles: “I want a divorce! See you tomorrow!” And “Divorce: Ten ways not to catch it!” Yes Please includes chapters about her sweetly penned by her mom and Seth Meyers, but the funnest is definitely Mike Schur’s annotations of her chapter on Parks & Rec.

Poehler relays some of her funnier, embarrassing secrets. Like how she's a secret snooper, snores terribly, and how she once deliciously flipped out on a rude guy in the airport on her way to shoot Mean Girls. But the memoir trope of digging up your most painful memories is absent here. If you’re buying her book looking for dirt on her divorce, you won’t find it. She admits she doesn’t like people “knowing [her] shit,” though she does oblige on offering some obligatory drug stories.

Most interesting to comedy fans will be reading about the genesis of her popular awards show bits with Tina Fey and other comedians. The on-camera bits started when Poehler was nominated for an Emmy. As she describes, “The worst part of being nominated for any award is that despite your best efforts, you start to want the pudding… To combat this, I decided to distract myself in that awkward and vulnerable moment the ‘winner’ was announced. I decided to focus my attention on something I could control. Bits! Bits! Bits!” The result, of course, was Poehler sitting on George Clooney’s lap and accidentally trading speeches with Julia Louis Dreyfus.

This nicely frames Poehler’s later chapter on her entertainment success, which offers better advice than most tv and film festival panels. She relays the wisdom that most of her forward momentum came from actually doing the work and making things she found funny. She says, “Almost every job I have gotten was due to someone knowing my work or seeing me in something else.” And she explains her more Buddhist approach to keep herself from “wanting the pudding,” explaining, “Too often we are told to visualize what we want and cut out pictures of it and repeat it like a mantra over and over again… I am introducing a new idea. Try to care less.” Poehler takes pains to distinguish career from creativity, and stresses that while it may be the less-exciting narrative, her success has come from a very long period of hard work.

Yes Please doesn’t cover the now-famous “I don’t fucking care if you like it” story that Tina Fey told about her in Bossypants, but the whole book is an explication of that same idea: your enjoyment of the process is what matters, not other peoples’ opinions. As she puts it, “You have to care about your work but not about the result. You have to care about how good you are and how good you feel, but not about how good people think you are or how good people think you look.” That’s sound advice, whether or not you’re creative. So if, like me, you have a self-help obsession, save yourself a lot of money and just read Yes Please, because Amy Poehler is a true national treasure.

Erica Lies is a writer and improviser in Austin, Texas. Her work has appeared in Bitch, Rookie Mag, and Culture Map.

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pfctdayelise
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Augh amyyyyyy I want this book!
Melbourne, Australia
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imperfecthope: as long as this stick-flowers-in-your-beard...

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imperfecthope:

as long as this stick-flowers-in-your-beard trend is going along with actual serious contemplation of masculinity being full of bullshit sometimes and that accepting femininity is totally fine then i’m all for it

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Not That Kind of Death: An Interview With Caitlin Doughty

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by Meaghan Kelley

Screen Shot 2013-11-04 at 9.15.16 PM

I now know: when I die, I want to be buried naturally. I want my body to be wrapped in a shroud and placed in the earth, without the physical and financial burdens of embalming or cremation. But thinking about my own mortality has not always been easy for me: as a child, I kept myself awake at night with my fears about death. I decided to take control of this fear, and started educating myself on death: I wrote a paper on the economics of Ghanaian funeral rituals, I filmed a documentary with my father in a cemetery, and I started watching Caitlin Doughty's ‘Ask a Mortician’ series on YouTube.

Caitlin is a licensed mortician, the founder of The Order of the Good Death, a group dedicated to curtailing death phobia, and the author of her recently published memoir, Smoke Gets in Your Eyes & Other Lessons from the Crematory. I talked to Caitlin about death positivity, women in the funeral industry, and why she hopes new death rituals aren’t compared to artisanal pickles.

I want to start by saying that my goal for this chat is to get people talking about their own mortality in the comments section. I thought you might be on board with that.

Yeah, very awesome.

You say that as Americans, we’re living in a “death denying” culture. What does that mean and where do you think we went wrong?

Well, a “death denial” culture just means that we’re not engaging with death as a very natural part of life. We’re not treating it like it’s a very obvious endpoint to all of our activities. We’re trying to act like it’s not in many ways, and even more than that, we’re trying to act like the dead body doesn’t exist in culture. We just don’t see it. It’s hidden.

I think there’s a couple reasons why that happened. In the 1930s, there was a rise in both the medical industry and the funeral industry. Both of those industries said, “Hey, we’re the professionals. You shouldn’t die at home and you shouldn’t have the dead body at home. We’re equipped to do both of these things better than you would do yourself.” And the public, because there were growing cities and growing industrialization in all areas, really went along with it. So, we’re at the point now where we completely question whether we’re even able to die at home or have the body at home and take care of it ourselves. We rely on medical and funeral professionals as professionals.

But are you legally allowed to have the body at home? Is that the case?

Absolutely. There’s about 9 to 10 states in the U.S. that require some kind of funeral director involvement, which means they’re required to sign the death certificate or arrange transportation. But in every state, you’re allowed to keep the body at home and do some kind of death care yourself. You don’t have to have it embalmed or taken to the mortuary.

And would you say that most people don’t realize that that’s an option for them?

Yeah. [laughs] I travel a lot now and whenever I tell a cab driver that, they’re like “What?! That’s crazy!” Most people have no idea that that’s a possibility.

What other misconceptions do you think the American public has about death and the funeral industry?

I guess the big ones are: one, that dead bodies are dangerous somehow. And then, two, that embalming is required to sanitize the dangerous dead body. In reality — to the first one — no, dead bodies, in the vast majority of cases, are not dangerous at all. And two, embalming is a process to preserve the body aesthetically for viewing. It’s not to sanitize the body. It’s not a public health thing that they’re doing, it’s a money thing. And the vaults that go in the ground are not a public health thing; it’s a money thing for the cemetery. So, a lot of the things that are in place in the funeral industry are not for the public, they’re for an industry to make money.

One of pop culture’s biggest horror obsessions is zombies. How do you read this fear of zombies in the context of American death denial?

A lot of people in the pop psychology/philosophy interpretation of zombies say it’s about the recession or about contagion or nihilism or loss of meaning. And I think that there’s probably all of that in there somewhere, but what doesn’t get talked about as much is that the actual horror of zombies is that they’re a decomposing body. That’s kind of all there is to them. They’re not very smart, cunning, or skilled; they’re just dead bodies walking around. And if we didn’t have such a horror of dead bodies or of basic, natural decomposition, then we wouldn’t be so afraid of a dead body coming after us. If you’ve actually spent time around dead bodies, you know that there’s actually very little that’s scary about them.

What are some steps that people can take to start acknowledging, rather than denying or fearing, death and their own mortality?

I think the number one thing is decide what you want done with your body because that leads to all sorts of conversations and it means you have to research a little bit. You might get into a couple of internet rabbit holes about the death industry and about body disposal technology, which is a good thing.

So figuring that out, and then telling people. Telling people around you and asking the people in your life — maybe your partner, your spouse, your parents — asking them what they want. And be prepared to be rejected the first time. They’re going to go, “Oh my God, that’s so morbid. Why would you ask that? Don’t ask that!” And then you just have to be willing to say, “Nope! It’s not morbid! Because remember you’re going to die! And that’s not morbid of me, that’s just practical of me! So why don’t you think about what you want done?”

Yes, I’ve encountered that many times, so I understand. One of my favorite videos of yours is the ‘It Gets Better, Morbid Kids!’ video. And there’s a quote in there that I really love, where you say that people who are terrified of death — the ones that would be calling you morbid — are “only living half their lives, closed off to the fact that death actually enhances our lives and makes it more beautiful.” Could you explain a little bit more about how death enhances our lives?

Yeah, and don’t let those people do that to you. Don’t ever let somebody make you feel weird for being interested in mortality because they can say, “Oh, you’re so morbid,” and you can say, “It’s also a little morbid and bizarre that you are in such denial about this very important part of your life.”

I think what death does is that it makes us more self-aware. If you’re not self-aware, you’re going about your life in the world having no understanding of why you’re doing the things that you’re doing. And everybody has people in their lives that you look at and you’re like, “Oh damn, that person is not self-aware. That person does not know how they look or how they sound or how their decisions are affecting other people.”

When you really spend a lot of time around dead bodies, you develop compassion and the ability to use more of your awareness, which is hard to explain, but knowing that you’re going to die and facing it is such a large part of the human experience. It has been ever since humans evolved to understand that we’re going to die. So if you’re not thinking about your own mortality, you really are only living part of your life in an aware way.

Yeah, and death is, obviously, such a universal thing.

Right, thinking about your own death is not a niche thing. It’s not a personal, morbid, private obsession — it’s the thing.

You said that one way that people can start acknowledging their mortality is to look at their options. I’m sure a lot of people don’t know that there are options beyond embalming and cremation. Can you go into some of those?

The big one is that there’s room for all sorts of more involvement than people realize. So first of all, if you want to be cremated, did you know that you can also have a wake prior to cremation and that your family can witness the cremation? They can come in with candles or with your favorite music and play it as you’re loaded into the cremation chamber.

If you want to be buried, you don’t have to be in a big, giant, sealed vault beneath the ground. You can be naturally buried, which means you can go straight back into the earth in a shroud, decompose naturally, and leave no footprint behind when you go.

And then your wake can take place at home. The people who loved you can take care of your body or have somebody help them take care of your body. You don’t have to be sent to some random dude at a funeral home and be kept in some freezer somewhere. That’s a possibility.

You can donate your body to science. You can have your body given to a medical school or to a private research company to test cancer technologies. Though you have to be careful because you don’t really know where your body is going. They can test all sorts of things. But, if you’re worried about that, look more into scientific body donation and the places that they would send a body like yours.

Yeah, so you have no control over that, right? Where you would be going?

Right, right, exactly. And then, you know, if you decide to get cremated, there’s all sorts of options beyond that. There’s scattering at sea, there’s sending you to space, there’s infinite numbers of options.

Do you notice a trend of people starting to turn away from the traditional and embrace these alternative methods and, if so, why do you think they’re doing that?

Yeah, I don’t want to say it’s a trend because that makes it seem like it’s going to be a fad for a couple of years and then go away… like artisanal pickles or something. But yeah, I have absolutely noticed it going in that direction because I think people — and I’ve found especially women, for some reason — are very, very interested in being closer with death and having more of an understanding of death. And the traditional methods we have now, which is take the body away immediately and bury it in the ground with lots of chemicals, is not really having an intimate relationship with death. It’s pretty much the opposite of that. So, if the status quo isn’t giving people a sense of completion or a good way to grieve or something that makes them feel okay about their own mortality, they’re going to find something else that does and a better way of doing it. And that’s happening right now.

Do you have any idea why women are becoming more interested in death? Is it just the public or are women becoming more present in the industry?

Yeah, both, big time. A lot of the people I went to mortuary school with were young women and, by far, the majority of people who contact me and tell me they want to go into mortuary science or they’ve been going into mortuary science are young women. And they’re very sincere. It’s not like these are girls who are like, “I’m into American Horror Story: Coven!” You know, it’s not fetishized for them. They’re very serious. They want to do this. And there’s a lot of bullshit answers that the industry gives, like, “Oh, it’s because women are so much more sympathetic than men.” But, I don’t know. There’s a cultural legacy there because in America, prior to the funeral industry taking over death, women were usually the ones who laid out the bodies and washed the bodies. So maybe it’s something about reclaiming that? I’m not sure exactly what it is. But, it’s definitely real by the numbers.

Have you ever encountered any resistance, personally or professionally, just for being a female mortician, or do you think it’s generally an industry that embraces the fact that they’re becoming more female dominant?

I mean I was lucky to work in California where they tend to be more progressive. There are some people that I’ve heard from in the Deep South, who say if you’re a woman there, they assume you’re the secretary or they assume you’re there to help families cry or something. Since I became more public with my views, there’s definitely been, you know, old, white guys with opinions on it. Recently, one guy said that he didn’t believe that I was a licensed funeral director at all. I was like, “Yep, just gotta look it up! That’s all you gotta do! It’s public information!” And then he ended with, “Oh yes, dear.” Ugh, barf. I definitely get my fair share of those.

You first started becoming public with your opinions through your YouTube channel, Ask a Mortician, which you started a few years ago. In what unique ways do you think that your YouTube channel has contributed to your mission of making death more present and accepted in our culture?

You could make a YouTube video that was just an animated video with all the same information in it, but I think that seeing someone who is cheerful and who just has a general attitude of, like, “Hey, I’m a pretty normal person! And it’s okay to have these thoughts! And let’s do it together, guys! Team death positivity!” makes people feel a little more comfortable. It may not work for everyone, but it’s the best that I can do as an individual person.

In one part of your book, Smoke Gets In Your Eyes, you say that what differentiates North American funeral practices from other cultural death rituals is belief. “We practice embalming, but we do not believe in embalming.” Why do you think this belief is absent and how can we find it? How can we fix that?

You’re asking how can we believe in something again? [laughs] That’s a good question. I think we’re increasingly secular in our beliefs. And even feedback from people who do have religious beliefs say that, for example, the old model of the Christian funeral doesn’t really mean that much to them. Standing above the embalmed body and reciting the hymns and “Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death” is not something that speaks to them.

And so, I think once we have a sense of the laws and them being on our side, we can become more empowered to create rituals that do work for us. There’s not a lot of experimentation right now with new rituals. Or there’s some, but not in the mainstream, because people don’t realize how much legal power they have to be in charge of the body and their own death and how they want to die. When you don’t think that you have any power and you think that you’re just part of the system, you’re not going to have any incentive to try and create things that are meaningful. And then those ideas don’t spread because they never get started. So the more that we promote the idea that you can be pushing these boundaries and these envelopes, the more that things are going to get thrown up against the wall and we’ll see what sticks.

And you’re trying to do that, with both your YouTube channel and your book, but also your Undertaking L.A. business that you’re starting, right?

Exactly, and that’s the idea. Giving people the information and the knowledge they need to take care of the body themselves outside of the funeral industry. And then saying this is our opportunity to create new meaning for ourselves or this is the opportunity to be empowered to feel differently about death and take it back into our own hands.

Going forward, what can we do to make death a more present part of our lives?

I think it’s a great idea to have people talk about what they want done with their bodies in the comments. That’s my dream. Put it there and then spread it out further. Put it as your Facebook status. I wish there was a week where everybody put what they wanted done with their body as their Facebook status. Or a day, like, This Is What I Want Done With My Body Day. November 5th or something.

I like it. November 5th!

Exactly. Go out from there and, especially if you’re intelligent young people, know that this revolution really needs you. If you feel a kinship with it, you should consider being part of it.

Meaghan Kelley works in documentary film in New York. In lieu of flowers, please send pie. She'll be tweeting from the grave @1thousandthings.

Photography by Anthony Chiappetta.

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pfctdayelise
3 days ago
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Tack it onto Organ Donor Day.
Melbourne, Australia
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MeFi: "So no I don't always believe them and yeah I let them know that."

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While working within the Chicago Police Department, Rebecca Campbell (PhD, Professor, Michigan State University) was told by a detective that "most victims lie" about sexual assault. She, on the other hand, was certain that most victims told the truth. Wondering how both she and the detective could be so certain, she began to do the research to find out. Her work examines how the legal and medical and mental health systems respond to the needs of adult, adolescent and pediatric victims of sexual assault. [Warning for graphic descriptions of assaults]

When she asked how they can be so certain that victims are making a false report, police said:

"The stuff they say makes no sense."
"I see them hedge, making it up as they go along."
"They lie all the time. I can tell."
"No way it's true. No one would act like that if it's true."
"They can't get their story straight."

A fifteen year veteran police officer commented, "So no I don't always believe them and yeah I let them know that. And then they say 'Nevermind. I don't want to do this.' Okay, then. Complainant refused to prosecute; case closed."

As Campbell notes, "What we know from criminal justice research is that we have a problem with case attrition. Most cases don't move very far through the system. It's happening very early on. And now we have some insight into how it's happening, and we have some important clues about why it's happening — that there's something about victims' behavior that the members of the legal community may not be understanding."

Campbell then turned to her own education in psychology, along with psychiatry, where they "study the neurobiology of trauma and victim behavior, and how trauma affects memory, cognition, and emotion."

As she examined the neurobiology of sexual assault, she noted that "there are many different regions of the brain that are impacted by trauma. [...] The first two are neural mechanisms that have to do with hormones and emotions that might be happening during the assault. The second two are neural mechanisms that have to do with encoding, processing, and the memory of the assault."

By examining what happens inside the brain during a sexual assault, Campbell was able to explain 'strange behaviours' like tonic immobility ("essentially an entire shutdown in the body", also known as "rape-induced paralysis" - the reason a victim doesn't fight back despite knowing she 'should') and how stress hormones make it difficult for the brain to encode and consolidate memories (leading to fragmented memories and difficulty retrieving those memories, and explaining why police felt that stories were 'sketchy' or fragmented). Her research addressed "flat affect" and "strange emotions" from victims making reports.

Perhaps most importantly, her research demonstrated how law enforcement interview techniques can either help with memory consolidation or lead to secondary victimization.

Suddenly, the victims' behaviour made perfect sense...

Watch the webinar here and/or read the transcript here.

One victim said, "After years of blaming myself, questioning myself, feeling tormented, I now understand why I froze every time I was assaulted. It now has a name. I don't have to wonder why or what's wrong with me or why didn't I do anything. I can't tell you how much relief this article brings me. You must know how much your website and your work helps those of us who have suffered in silent torment and agony. You give us a voice. You give us compassion. You give us strength and hope. There are no words to express the gratitude I feel."

(When I saw her speak in 2014, she commented that she has a hard time getting permission to publish her presentations, statistics, and research publicly due to her funding sources.)
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superiphi
5 days ago
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I always assumed it was because most men can easily imagine being wrongly accused of rape, so they find it easy to doubt victims
Idle, Bradford, United Kingdom
kazriko
5 days ago
It's very hard to prove the negative... This is where innocent until proven guilty comes into play.

Anita Sarkeesian speaking at XOXO Conference

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In September 2014, I was invited to speak at the XOXO conference & festival in Portland. I used the opportunity to talk about two subtle forms of harassment that are commonly used to try and defame, discredit and ultimately silence women online: conspiracy theories and impersonation. (Note: trigger warning early on for examples of rape and death […]
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